about findell kennels
WEBSITE TOPIC: Health risks of the Merle pattern being added into the Miniature Schnauzer breed and other breeds.
Brief Merle Pattern Introduction: In simple terms the Merle pattern has a host of health problems. The debate is not about the charm and beauty of Merles as I think we all agree it is quite striking. To reiterate it is indeed a unique pattern and eye catching (this website is not about the dislike of Merles). Unfortunately for Merles being beautiful and healthy are two different things. There are severe eye and hearing issues caused by this mutated gene at birth and later in life for many Merle offspring. Another cause for concern is the possibility of a defective immune system and the hidden merle. This lethal gene also causes many puppies to be born dead, have missing eye lids, and a host of other health issues. I cannot stress enough how dangerous this mutated gene is to a dogs overall health and quality of life. There is no ethical purpose in breeding this pattern into a dog just for a 'unique look'. Every time a Merle pattern is bred into a dog, the breeder is gambling between healthy and unhealthy. Meaning, how many in this litter will be healthy and how many in this litter will be unhealthy at some point in its life. There are lethal health risks with the Merle pattern in any dog breed therefore it should not be added to breeds where the pattern does not already exist! This is NOT the same as "I am just creating a new dog breed like many have done in the past" which is the premise of all breeders taking this risk. This mutated gene is faulty and lethal. Which makes it very difficult to manage safely. This is why Merle is banned in many countries.
This picture represents the mutated gene at its worst. Sometimes in order to get peoples full attention, they need to see with their own eyes the worst of a reality. Another graphic picture of a merle to merle breeding is on the hidden merle and cryptic merle page.
What is Merle: it is a PATTERN in a dog's coat, though is commonly incorrectly referred to as a color. The merle gene creates mottled patches of color in a solid or piebald coat, blue or odd-colored eyes, and can affect skin pigment as well. Health issues are more typical and more severe when two merles are bred together, so it is recommended that a merle be bred to a dog with a solid coat color only. Merle can affect all coat colors. The merle forms of brown and black are usually called liver (or red) and blue, respectively. Dogs who are recessive red can still be affected by merle, but the patches are either hardly seen or if the dog is a clear recessive red, it is not visible at all. Combinations such as brindle merle exist, but are not typically accepted in breed standards.
In addition to altering base coat color, merle also modifies eye color and coloring on the nose and paw pads. The merle gene modifies the dark pigment in the eyes, occasionally changing dark eyes to blue, or part of the eye to be colored blue. Since merle causes random modifications, however, both dark-eyed, blue-eyed, and odd-colored eyes are possible. Color on paw pads and nose may be mottled pink and black. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Merle_%28dog_coat%29
Blue-Eyed Miniature Schnauzers should NOT exist but they do because of the merle.
Blue Eyes are dominannt once they are bred into a dogs bloodline. It is not a complicated process to isolate a blue eyed dominate gene and then breed the Schnauzer back into the lines to breed true. In the last 100 years there have been NO blue eyed Schnauzers as this dominant gene would have been there from the very beginning. A dominant gene does not just pop up one day. Within the last 10 years we suddenly have AKC Blue Eyed Schnauzers from the same breeders that introduced the merle pattern to this breed. What a coincidence... See for yourself. http://www.doggenetics.co.uk/eyes.html
would also like to point out how genes can be isolated with this Boxer website that used a Corgi's natural bobbed tail to isolate the gene for a natural bobbed tail in Boxers vs needing cropped. Then they bred the Boxer back into the mixed Corgi and Boxer lines. http://www.boxberry.net/page4.asp
It's such a different world today then when I started to raise, train and place dogs in loving homes.
It used to be we breeders were doing great ethical work, producing the very best of our breed and everyone knew if you wanted a purebred, go to an AKC Breeder....... but the powers that be, the PETA's and the HUMANE SOCIETIES, and POUNDS have tried to put us out of business. They don't like pets and would like to see a world without our wonderful furry friends. Unethical breeders selling mixed breeds as "special" or "rare" are making it difficult for we that actually do ethical breeding.
Below I will begin by addressing the PETA, Humane Society, and the Pounds of the USA and the lie that these facilities are over run with pets.
OMG you say!!! why PETA is all about the treatment of animals...oh..wait...no they are not. This is not their goal, like a lot of things it seems these days, It's all about what lies in the shadow of the truth so here is a little blurb on what PETA is all about, you can do your own research:
"The number of animals killed at a People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) facility in Virginia increased 30 percent in 2014, according to a new report by the Center for Consumer Freedom.
The animal rights group that touts responsible pet adoption and veganism euthanized a total of 2,324 dogs and cats at their facility in Norfolk last year, representing 88 percent of all pets PETA rescued, the CCF said.
"This delusional animal rights group is talking out of both sides of its mouth — on one side preaching animal rights, while on the other signing a death warrant for 88 percent of cats and dogs in its care," Will Coggin, director of research at CCF, said in a statement. "PETA should be called a slaughterhouse, not an animal shelter."
The report said 33,514 animals have died since 1998 at the hands of PETA. The kill numbers come from the Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services (VDACS), which requires annual disclosures. A 2010 inspection conducted by a VDACS revealed that 84 percent of the animals PETA took in were killed within 24 hours, the CCF said. Only 1.5 percent of dogs and cats reportedly found a permanent home outside of the shelter.
"PETA's so-called 'shelter' might as well be called a slaughterhouse,"
THE HUMANE SOCIETY:
Since Broward County officials voted to become a "no-kill" community that rarely resorts to euthanasia, that's how many dogs and cats met their deaths at the county shelter.
The April 2012 County Commission vote encouraged cat and dog lovers, but it was only "aspirational," county officials said. Since then, records show more than half — 52 percent — of the dogs and cats at the shelter were put down.
— For dogs and cats that end up at the Montgomery County Animal Shelter, the journey is like being sent to death row. The shelter, which has the highest kill rate in the state, euthanized nearly 1,200 animals – 100 percent of cats and 98 percent of dogs – brought there last year, according to state records.
Is the HSU a "no-kill" facility?
We would like to note that "no-kill" does not mean no euthanasia, a key point often lost in this discussion. The term "no-kill" has, unfortunately, become a marketing tool rather than an honest description of the enormous undertaking of providing care for homeless pets.
The Wisconsin Humane Society never euthanizes animals for reasons of space or time. All animals in our adoption program have as long as it takes to find a new home; there are no time limits in our adoption program. This is true for all our campuses.
We do not use the "no-kill" phrase because we have found that it confuses people. There is no universal definition of "no-kill" that is understood by animal welfare professionals, and the general public, despite efforts of some groups to create such language. There are also "no-kill" sanctuaries and organizations that do not uphold humane standards of care, so "no-kill" is not necessarily an accurate indicator of humane or quality animal care.
THE ISSUE OF BUSINESS VS PETS IN OUR FACILITIES THROUGHOUT THE USA.
We have done such a great job of spaying and neutering our pets that many shelters have begun to import dogs from China and other European countries just to rehome and sell into our society. Here are a few blurbs from our import policies and a few statistics
Each year, thousands of puppies – all just a few weeks old and barely weaned – endure appalling abuse as they are transported to the United States. They are packed into crowded, filthy plastic tubs with little or no food or water, and often exposed to extreme temperatures during transcontinental plane journeys that would be taxing for even an adult, healthy dog. A large number of the puppies get sick, and then perish. The puppies are too young to have received a full series of vaccinations, so they could carry diseases that infect other dogs or even humans, making their import a significant public health concern as well as an animal welfare issue.
Over the years, we have heard hundreds of sad stories resulting from this indiscriminate import and sale of puppies. One example: a New Jersey couple purchased Otis, a bulldog puppy, from a Pennsylvania dealer. What they did not know at the time was that Otis had been imported from Russia when he was just six weeks old. Through his first few months, Otis suffered from numerous infections and genetic problems, including roundworms, coccidia, severe allergies, tremor, an enlarged heart and persistent drug-resistant pneumonia. He died before he was eight months old, leaving behind two heartbroken parents and thousands of dollars in veterinary bills.
Then there's Tink, a high-priced teacup Maltese puppy, sold to a New York resident by an Internet dealer in Texas. Tink was actually bred at a suspected puppy mill in Korea. By the time the buyer picked up Tink at a New York airport, she had endured several long flights, was covered in filth, and was lethargic, coughing and sneezing. Tink was luckier than Otis because she survived, but not before three emergency vet visits and more than $1,000 in veterinary fees.
These are just two of the hundreds of horror stories we have encountered here at The HSUS, but we are now hopeful that things will take a turn for the better. Under the USDA final rule, which goes into effect in 90 days, dogs cannot be imported for resale unless they are at least six months of age, in good health, and have all necessary vaccinations.
I don't want to bore you with more and more statistics but it's becoming a global market and again the USA is being left out. After all, we citizens of the USA are just "too rich" to be worried about so the rest of the world will pour our junk on you and as unsuspecting uninformed the USA citizens will continue to buy from these overseas puppy mills and not from local ethical breeders who breed quality AKC registered healthy puppies.
BTW before I say good bye from this page on my website, I might add right here that there are many registries popping up all over the USA. The reason is that these other registries have no DNA tests to prove the parentage of the puppy you are buying so be cautious and make sure you are truly getting an AKC registered (even if it is limited) puppy.... Not ACA, or NAPR, or any other silly business that just makes a list of dogs without any backing to ensure they are purebred. Be aware and be careful out there.